Determiners

Determiners describe nouns which are placed before them. They answer the questions like 'which', 'how much', or 'how many'.

There are four kinds of determiners: 

    1. Articles: - a, an, the

  The word “The” is regarded as the Definite Article while “A” and “An” function as Indefinite Article

E.g.:

  • The boy in the blue shirt is my brother.
  • Here is a gift for you.
  • Eat an apple daily.

    2. Demonstratives: - this, these, that, those

Demonstratives indicates persons, places, or things

E.g.:

  • This girl; These girls; That man; Those men
  • This book; These books; That tree; Those trees
  • This village; These villages; That area; Those areas

  3. Possessives: - my, our, your, his, her, its, their

Possessives are those which belong to somebody

E.g.:

  • This is my house
  • They are our workers
  • Please wear your watch
  • His father was a policeman.
  • Her bag is kept in the room.
  • The cat drinks its milk
  • Their homes are well secured.

  4. Other Determiners: -

a) Some, Any and No

“Some” used in affirmative sentences

  • I have bought some apples
  • Some people are born great.

 “Any” used in negative sentences.

  • He didn’t give me any money.
  • Have you any samples?

Any” used in affirmative sentences

  • Any person can do it.

Some” and “Any” used in interrogative sentences.

  • Have you any/some money?

No” used in negative sentences.

  • He has no time

b) Much, Many, Many a

“Much” determines the quantity

  • He has much work in hand.

Many” determines the number.

  • Many people gathered the meeting.

Many a” describes many times. It is followed by a singular noun with a singular verb.

  • Many a man has died at war.
  • Many a flower is bloomed in springs.

c) Each, Every

“Each” indicates two or more persons or things.

  • Each student will be given a prize.
  • The three children had each a pastry.

“Every” used in more than two things or persons.

  • Every one of the team had played well.
  • The government expects every individual to abide rules

d) Few, A few, The few

“Few” denotes not many. It is negative in sentences.

  • Few children came to school today.

A few” denotes some. It is affirmative/positive in sentences.

  • I have read a few stories.

The few” denotes not many. It is both as negative as well as positive in sentences.

  • The few ships he had, were lost at sea.

 e) Little, A little, The little

Little” denotes not much. It is used as negative in sentences.

  • There is little hope of her recovery.

A little” denotes some. It gives positive meaning.

  • A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.

“The Little” denotes not much. It is both positive and negative in sentences.

  • He spent the little money he had.

 f) Either, Neither

“Either” denotes one of the two or both.

  • There are footpaths on either side of the road.
  • We can go by either flight.

“Neither” denotes not either or none of the two.

  • Neither team is working hard.

 g) All, Whole

“All” indicates number and quantity.

  • All men are mortal.
  • The cat drank all the milk.

Whole” denotes the quantity.

  • He read the whole book.

h) Less, Fewer

“Less” indicates quantity

  • I carried less luggage than he did.

“Fewer” indicates the number.

  • No fewer than sixty candidates were recruited.

Next

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *