Conjunction

Conjunction is a word that connects words and sentences.

        For E.g.: - Ron is a good player. Jack is a good player.

Ron and Jack are good players.

He came late. He was ill.

He came late because he was ill.

Conjunctions are divided into two types.

Correlative Conjunction are conjunctions used in pairs.

Either-----or                  Either you come or I shall go

Neither----nor               It is neither entertaining nor useful.

Though----yet                Though he was ill yet he passed the examination.

Whether----or               Whether it rains or not we

Compound Conjunction are conjunctions which conjunctions are used as compound expressions.

  • In order that

The people were informed in order that they will take precautions.

  • Even if

They were summoned even if they were not found guilty.

  • As soon as

They reached the hospital as soon as they heard the news.

Conjunctions are further classified into two categories

  • Coordinating conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunction
  1. Coordinating conjunctions are those which connect two sentences of equal importance or two independent sentences.

And, but, for, nor, also, either…or, neither…nor.

Coordinating conjunctions are of four types: -

         a. Cumulative conjunctions which add one statement to the other.

                   For E.g.: - They painted not a wall, and they scrubbed not a patch.

         b. Adversative conjunction which expresses a contrast between two statements

                   For E.g.: - I was angry, still I stayed quiet.

He recovered, only he was exhausted.

          c. Alternative conjunction which expresses the choice between two statements

                    For E.g.: - Either he is foolish, or he acts foolish.

Walk quickly, else you will miss the train.

             d. Illative conjunction which expresses an inference.

                     For E.g.: - Something dropped down; for I heard a splash

  1. Subordinating Conjunctions are those which joins two clauses wherein one clause depends on to the other.

After, if, that, because, although, though, before, till, unless, as, when, where, while, than.

Subordinating Conjunctions are further classified into seven categories.

             a. Time

                       For E.g.: - I returned after the rain stopped

There were many changes since you left.

              b. Reason

                        For E.g.: - He was late because he was ill.

                                             As he had left early, I spoke to his brother.

              c. Purpose

                         For E.g.: - We exercise that we become healthy.

He caught the rope lest he should fall.

               d. Result

                         For E.g.: - He was so poor that he used to starve for days.

               e. Condition

                        For E.g.: - I shall visit if he invites.

                f. Concession

                         For E.g.: - I will not see him though he comes.  

                 g. Comparison

                         For E.g.: - He is taller than his brother.    

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