Conjunction is a word that connects words and sentences.
For E.g.: - Ron is a good player. Jack is a good player.
Ron and Jack are good players.
He came late. He was ill.
He came late because he was ill.
Conjunctions are divided into two types.
Correlative Conjunction are conjunctions used in pairs.
Either-----or Either you come or I shall go
Neither----nor It is neither entertaining nor useful.
Though----yet Though he was ill yet he passed the examination.
Whether----or Whether it rains or not we
Compound Conjunction are conjunctions which conjunctions are used as compound expressions.
- In order that
The people were informed in order that they will take precautions.
- Even if
They were summoned even if they were not found guilty.
- As soon as
They reached the hospital as soon as they heard the news.
Conjunctions are further classified into two categories
- Coordinating conjunction
- Subordinating conjunction
- Coordinating conjunctions are those which connect two sentences of equal importance or two independent sentences.
And, but, for, nor, also, either…or, neither…nor.
Coordinating conjunctions are of four types: -
a. Cumulative conjunctions which add one statement to the other.
For E.g.: - They painted not a wall, and they scrubbed not a patch.
b. Adversative conjunction which expresses a contrast between two statements
For E.g.: - I was angry, still I stayed quiet.
He recovered, only he was exhausted.
c. Alternative conjunction which expresses the choice between two statements
For E.g.: - Either he is foolish, or he acts foolish.
Walk quickly, else you will miss the train.
d. Illative conjunction which expresses an inference.
For E.g.: - Something dropped down; for I heard a splash
- Subordinating Conjunctions are those which joins two clauses wherein one clause depends on to the other.
After, if, that, because, although, though, before, till, unless, as, when, where, while, than.
Subordinating Conjunctions are further classified into seven categories.
For E.g.: - I returned after the rain stopped
There were many changes since you left.
For E.g.: - He was late because he was ill.
As he had left early, I spoke to his brother.
For E.g.: - We exercise that we become healthy.
He caught the rope lest he should fall.
For E.g.: - He was so poor that he used to starve for days.
For E.g.: - I shall visit if he invites.
For E.g.: - I will not see him though he comes.
For E.g.: - He is taller than his brother.