A noun is a word that denotes the name of a person, place or thing.
There are four kinds of nouns.
- Common Noun
- Proper Noun
- Collective noun
- Abstract Noun
- Common Noun is a name denoted to every common person, place or thing of same class or kind. It is shared by all categories or groups.
For E.g: The child sat on the mat.
The king visited the village.
- Proper Noun is the name given to particular person, place or thing. Proper Noun is always written with first letter in bold letter.
For E.g: William Shakespeare was one of the greatest author.
New Delhi is the capital of India.
- Collective Noun refers to the collection of persons, place or thing and grouped as one.
For E.g: The police dispersed the crowd.
The herd of cattle are grazing in the field.
- Abstract Noun refers to the name of the quality, action or state considered apart from the object which it belongs to.
Quality: - Goodness, kindness, darkness, honesty, bravery etc.
Action: -Hatred, theft, movement, laughter etc.
State: - Youth, childhood, boyhood, slavery, sickness, death, birth etc.
The names of Arts and Sciences are also referred as Abstract Nouns. E.g.: -Grammar, Music, Physics, Chemistry etc.
For E.g: Cleanliness is next to godliness.
Always speak truth.
Following are few solved examples of identifying various nouns in the sentences.
- We saw a fleet of ships in the harbour.
Fleet - Collective noun
Ships and Harbour - Common noun.
- Solomon was famous for his wisdom.
Solomon - Proper noun
Wisdom - Abstract Noun
- The class is studying grammar.
Class - Collective noun
Grammar - Abstract Noun
- Nelson is famous for his victory in Trafalgar.
Nelson and Trafalgar - Proper noun
Victory - Abstract noun
- The committee of five members was appointed.
Committee - Collective noun
Members - Common noun