The word verb is derived from the Latin word “Verbum”. The verb is the most important word in the sentence.

A verb tells us three aspects. Firstly, what a person or a thing does; Secondly, what is done to the person or thing; Thirdly, what a person or a thing is.

It is divided into two types

  • Transitive verbs
  • Intransitive verbs

 Transitive Verbs include verbs which passes over the action from the subject to the object.

                    For E.g.: - The peon rings the bell.

The verb” rings” passes over from the subject “the peon” to some object “bell”.


The driver stopped the train.

The verb” stopped” passes over from the subject “the driver” to the object “train”.


  1. Intransitive Verbs include verbs which doesn’t pass over its action to an object as well as includes those which only symbolises the state or being.

                 For E.g.: - The ship sank rapidly. (Action)

The baby sleeps. (State)

There is a mistake in the file. (Being)

A verb can be used transitively as well as intransitively.

  Transitively used                                                   Intransitively used

  1. The driver stopped the train.                          The train stopped suddenly
  2. The dog bit the man.                                           This dog bites
  3. He spoke the truth.                                              He spoke
  4. He walks the horse.                                             The horse walks.
  5. She broke the jug                                                  The jug broke.

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