Tense

A verb which denotes the time of action or occurrence is called Tense.

The verb which occurs in present time is called Present Tense; the verb which occurs in past time is called Past Tense; the verb which occurs in future time is called Future Tense.

According to the application of the personal pronouns, the tenses have varied uses.

Personal pronouns are of three categories

  1. First Person: -            I; We
  2. Second Person: -      You; Thou
  3. Third person: -          He; She; It; They

For an easy reference, we would take an example of the sentence and apply those personal pronouns in the following parts of tenses.

Example: - I LOVE

     I. Present Tense

         The Present Tense is divided into four categories.

  1. Simple Present Tense: -

           Active Voice

  1. First Person: -                      I/ We love
  2. Second Person: -                 You love
  3. Third Person: -                    He/ She/ It loves/ They love

         Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -                     I am loved/We are loved
  2. Second Person: -                You are loved/
  3. Third Person: -                    He/ She/ It is loved /They are loved

     2. Present Perfect Tense: -

         Active Voice

  1. First Person: -                  I/ We have loved
  2. Second Person: -             You have loved
  3. Third Person: -                 He/ She/ It has loved/ They have loved

        Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -                   I have been loved/We have been loved
  2. Second Person: -              You have been loved
  3. Third Person: -                 He/ She/ It have been loved /They have been loved

    3. Present Continuous Tense: -

          Active Voice

  1. First Person: -                  I am loving /We are loving
  2. Second Person: -             You are loving
  3. Third Person: -                He/ She/ It is loving/They are loving

        Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -                   I am being loved/We are being loved
  2. Second Person: -              You are being loved
  3. Third Person: -                 He/ She/ It is being loved /They are being loved

      4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense: -

          Active Voice

  1. First Person: -                I/ We have been loving
  2. Second Person: -           You have been loving.
  3. Third Person: -              He/She/It has been loving /They have been loving

    II. Past Tense

         The Past Tense is divided into 4 categories

  1. Simple Past Tense: -

          Active Voice

  1. First Person: -               I/ We loved
  2. Second Person: -          You loved
  3. Third Person: -             He/She/It/ They loved.

         Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -             I was loved /We were loved
  2. Second Person: -        You were loved
  3. Third Person: -           He/She/It was loved /They were loved.

      2. Past Perfect Tense: -

        Active Voice

  1. First Person: -            I/ We had loved
  2. Second Person: -       You had loved
  3. Third Person: -          He/She/It/ They had loved.

        Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -             I/ We had been loved
  2. Second Person: -        You had been loved
  3. Third Person: -           He/She/It/ They had been loved.
  1. Past Continuous Tense: -

         Active Voice

  1. First Person: -              I was/were loving /We were loving
  2. Second Person: -         You were loving
  3. Third Person: -            He/She/It was loving / They were loving.

         Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -             I was/were being loved/We were being loved
  2. Second Person: -        You were being loved
  3. Third Person: -            He/She/It was being loved /They were being loved.

 

        4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: -

  1.  First Person: -             I/ We had been loving
  2. Second Person: -         You had been loving
  3. Third Person: -            He/She/It/ They had been loving

     III.  Future Tense

      The Future Tense is divided into four categories.

  1. Simple Future Tense: -

        Active Voice

  1. First Person: -            I/ We will/shall love
  2. Second Person: -       You will/shall love
  3. Third Person:-           He/ She/ It/ They will/shall love                              

        Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -             I/ We will/shall be loved
  2. Second Person: -        You will/shall be loved
  3. Third Person: -            He/She/It/They will/shall be loved                                

        2. Future Perfect Tense: -

         Active Voice

  1. First Person: -           I/ We will/shall have loved
  2. Second Person: -      You will/shall have loved
  3. Third Person: -          He/ She/ It will/shall have loved/They will/shall have loved

          Passive Voice

  1. First Person: -            I/ We will/shall have been loved
  2. Second Person: -       You will/shall have been loved
  3. Third Person: -          He/She/It will/shall have been loved/They will/shall have loved

        

       Future Continuous Tense: -

  1. First Person: -           I will/shall be lovingWe will/shall be loving
  2. Second Person: -      You will/shall be loving
  3. Third Person: -         He/ She/ It will/shall be lovingThey will/shall be loving

          Future Perfect Continuous Tense: -

  1. First Person: -         I/ We will/shall have been loving
  2. Second Person: -    You will/shall have been loving.
  3. Third Person: -       He/She/It will/shall have been loving/ They will/shall have been loving

 

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