Figures of Speech

Figures of speech are the way of expression of ideas, thoughts or specialized opinions in non-literary language producing a greater effect. This art of expressive language is classified into various forms.

Simile:

It is a way of expression wherein there is a comparison between two things of a different kind but having one common idea. Usually, it is expressed using words like ‘like’; ‘as’ and ‘so’.

For Example:

He fought like a lion in the war.

His brain is as soft as cheese.

The dark clouds will move and so will I.

Metaphor:

It is also another way of expression with a comparison between two objects of a different kind but a common idea. It is also called as an implied simile. Usually, it is NOT associated with words namely ‘like’; ‘as’; ‘so’.

For Example:

He is a lion in the war.

The camel is the ship of the desert.

Personification:

It is a way of expression wherein inanimate things and abstract concepts are given life and intelligence like human beings.

For Example:

The flowers are dancing in the rain.

The anger is holding his hands.

Apostrophe:

It expresses the direct addressing to the dead, or to the absent or to the thing or notion which is personified.

For example:

O death! where is thy sting?

James! you should be living at this hour.

Hyperbole:

It is a way to emphasize our opinions and ideas by an overstatement.

 For Example:

If the river were dry, I am able to fill with my tears.

The manager gave me tons of work to do.

Euphemism:

It is a figure of speech where there is a description of disagreeable fact with the agreeable term.

For Example:

He has fallen asleep forever. ( i.e. he is dead)

He is a differentially abled person. (i.e. he is handicapped)

Antithesis:

It refers to the words or sentiments which are contradictory to each other are made in one sentence.

For Example:

Man Proposes, God Disposes

Many were called, but few arrived.

Oxymoron:

It is a literary device in which two opposite words or sentiments are joined together to create an effect.

For Example:

Parting is such a sweet sorrow.

She accepted their kind cruelty.

Epigram:

It is an expression of antithetical ideas which captures attention.

For Example:

The art lies in hiding the art.

The child is the father of the man.

Irony:

It is a literary device where the real meaning of the expression is an exactly the opposite of which is conveyed. The irony is usually of three categories; verbal; situational and dramatic.

For Example:

If a person is stuck in a hurricane and he says” What a nice calm weather it is!”

The police station is robbed. (situational)

Pun:

It is the usage of words in such a way that it is capable of more than one application, the words would produce the ludicrous effect.

For Example

You were right so I left.

Geometry is so pointless.

Synecdoche:

It is a figure of speech which designates in two types of expressions; a part which implies the whole meaning or the whole for a part.

For Example:

The pen is mightier than the sword.

Give us this day our daily bread.

Transferred Epithet:

It is a way of expression in which an epithet is transferred from a noun to describe another noun in the sentence.

For Example:

She passed a sleepless night.

Lord Ullin reached the fatal shore.

Interrogation:

It is a way of expression of ideas through questions for the sake of getting answers.

For Example:

Can you be sick for a home never seen?

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Exclamation:

It is a literary device which makes an exclamatory statement to emphasize its ideas.

For Example:

What a piece of work is man!

Life is not a joke!

Climax:

It is a figure of speech where the series of ideas are arranged in increasing order of importance.

For Example:

He ran into the house, searched the wardrobe, found a small envelope and took it along.

The party was simple, austere and sublime.

Anti-climax:

It is a figure of speech which arranges the ideas and thoughts in decreasing order of importance. It is mostly used as a ridicule.

For Example:

Here thou, great Marie! Whom all the courtesans obey, the citizens adore.

We have discovered this huge cave after struggling through the woods and researching in the libraries.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *